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Can a woman with type 2 diabetes get pregnant

Diabetes is a condition in which the body can't make enough insulin, or can't use insulin normally. Insulin is a hormone. This leads to high blood sugar hyperglycemia. High blood sugar can cause problems all over the body. It can damage blood vessels and nerves. It can harm the eyes, kidneys, and heart.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: How to Plan Pregnancy in Type 2 Diabetes When Not to Become Pregnant Risk to fETUS bABY

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SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Pregnancy and Diabetes

Pregnancy if You Have Diabetes

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Back to Your pregnancy and baby guide. Most pregnant women with diabetes will go on to have a healthy baby, but there are some possible complications you should be aware of. The information on this page is for women who were diagnosed with type 1 or type 2 diabetes before they got pregnant. It doesn't cover gestational diabetes — high blood sugar that develops during pregnancy and usually goes away after the baby is born.

They will advise you about what to do. Find out more about pregnancy and coronavirus. People with diabetes are at risk of developing problems with their eyes diabetic retinopathy and kidneys diabetic nephropathy. Some people with type 1 diabetes can develop diabetic ketoacidosis , where harmful chemicals called ketones build up in the blood.

There's also a slightly higher chance of your baby being born with birth defects, particularly heart and nervous system abnormalities, or being stillborn or dying soon after birth. But managing your diabetes well, before and during your pregnancy, will help to reduce these risks.

The best way to reduce the risks to you and your baby is to ensure your diabetes is well controlled before you become pregnant. Before you start trying for a baby, ask your GP or diabetes specialist diabetologist for advice. You should be referred to a diabetic pre-conception clinic for support.

Find diabetes support services near you. You should be offered a blood test, called an HbA1c test, every month. This measures the level of glucose in your blood. It's best if the level is no more than 6. If you can't get your level below 6. You should continue using contraceptives until you get your blood glucose under control. Your GP or diabetes specialist can advise you on how best to do this. If you have type 1 diabetes, you should be given testing strips and a monitor to test your blood ketone levels, to check for diabetic ketoacidosis.

You should use these if your blood glucose levels are high, or if you are vomiting or have diarrhoea. Women with diabetes should take a higher dose of 5 milligrams mg of folic acid each day while trying to get pregnant and until they are 12 weeks pregnant. Your doctor will have to prescribe this, as 5mg tablets are not available over the counter. Taking folic acid helps to prevent your baby from developing birth defects, such as spina bifida.

If you usually take tablets to control your diabetes, you'll normally be advised to switch to insulin injections, either with or without a drug called metformin. If you already use insulin injections to control your diabetes, you may need to switch to a different type of insulin. If you take drugs for conditions related to your diabetes, such as high blood pressure, these may have to be changed.

It's very important to attend any appointments made for you so that your care team can monitor your condition and react to any changes that could affect your or your baby's health. You will need to monitor your blood glucose levels more frequently during pregnancy, especially since nausea and vomiting morning sickness can affect them. Your GP or midwife will be able to advise you on this.

Keeping your blood glucose levels low may mean you have more low-blood-sugar hypoglycaemic attacks "hypos". These are harmless for your baby, but you and your partner need to know how to cope with them. Talk to your doctor or diabetes specialist. You will be offered regular diabetic eye screening during your pregnancy. This is to check for signs of diabetic eye disease diabetic retinopathy. Screening is very important when you are pregnant because the risk of serious eye problems is greater in pregnancy.

If you decide not to have the test, you should tell the clinician looking after your diabetes care during pregnancy.

If you have diabetes, it's strongly recommended that you give birth in a hospital with the support of a consultant-led maternity team. Your doctors may recommend having your labour started early induced because there may be an increased risk of complications for you or your baby if your pregnancy carries on for too long. If your baby is larger than expected, your doctors might discuss your options for the delivery and may suggest an elective caesarean section.

Your blood glucose should be measured every hour during labour and birth. You may be given a drip in your arm with insulin and glucose if there are problems. Feed your baby as soon as possible after the birth — within 30 minutes — to help keep your baby's blood glucose at a safe level.

Your baby will have a heel prick blood test a few hours after they're born to check if their blood glucose level is too low.

If your baby's blood glucose can't be kept at a safe level, or they are having problems feeding, they may need extra care. Your baby may need to be fed through a tube or given a drip to increase their blood glucose. Read more about special care for babies. When your pregnancy is over, you won't need as much insulin to control your blood glucose. You can decrease your insulin to your pre-pregnancy dose or return to the tablets you were taking before you became pregnant.

Talk to your doctor about this. You should be offered a test to check your blood glucose levels before you go home and at your 6-week postnatal check. You should also be given advice on diet and exercise. Page last reviewed: 12 April Next review due: 12 April Diabetes and pregnancy - Your pregnancy and baby guide Secondary navigation Getting pregnant Secrets to success Healthy diet Planning: things to think about Foods to avoid Alcohol Keep to a healthy weight Vitamins and supplements Exercise.

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Pregnancy in Women with Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes Diabetes and getting pregnant. Having a chronic condition such as diabetes diabetes mellitus takes careful monitoring of your health at the best of times, and this becomes even more crucial during pregnancy, a time when your body changes dramatically. Most women who have pre-existing diabetes who become pregnant have type 1 diabetes once called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes , although some may have type 2 once called non-insulin dependent or maturity-onset diabetes.

This next section is for women who wish to become pregnant, or are already pregnant, and are living with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. You can have a healthy baby if you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. The key is to obtain optimal blood glucose levels before and during pregnancy.

Worried about the coronavirus? Here's what you should know. Read more. July 09, This is her story:.

Type 2 Diabetes During Pregnancy

Blood sugar that is not well controlled in a pregnant woman with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes could lead to problems for the woman and the baby:. The organs of the baby form during the first two months of pregnancy, often before a woman knows that she is pregnant. Blood sugar that is not in control can affect those organs while they are being formed and cause serious birth defects in the developing baby, such as those of the brain, spine, and heart. Besides causing discomfort to the woman during the last few months of pregnancy, an extra large baby can lead to problems during delivery for both the mother and the baby. The mother might need a C-Section to deliver the baby. The baby can be born with nerve damage due to pressure on the shoulder during delivery. A woman who has diabetes that is not well controlled has a higher chance of needing a C-section to deliver the baby. When the baby is delivered by a C-section, it takes longer for the woman to recover from childbirth.

Planning a pregnancy with type 1 or 2 diabetes

If you have type 1 or 2 diabetes, it is very important to talk to your healthcare team if you are thinking about having a baby. There are some things that are best done before you get pregnant that will reduce your risk of pregnancy complications and baby loss. If you have type 1 or 2 diabetes, you need to be as healthy as possible before you conceive, and while you are pregnant. The first thing to do is talk to your GP or diabetes team.

Pregnancy and diabetes doesn't have to be a risky combination.

Being well-prepared for pregnancy can help reduce the risk of complications, keep you healthy throughout your pregnancy, and give your baby a good start in life. Hormonal changes during pregnancy make diabetes even more challenging. The majority of women who properly control their diabetes before and during pregnancy have successful pregnancies, and give birth to beautiful, healthy babies.

Can You Have a Safe Pregnancy If You Have Type 2 Diabetes?

Back to Your pregnancy and baby guide. Most pregnant women with diabetes will go on to have a healthy baby, but there are some possible complications you should be aware of. The information on this page is for women who were diagnosed with type 1 or type 2 diabetes before they got pregnant. It doesn't cover gestational diabetes — high blood sugar that develops during pregnancy and usually goes away after the baby is born.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association. This is called insulin resistance. For some people with type 2 diabetes, this can be managed with healthy lifestyle and diet changes, but others might need medication or insulin to help maintain appropriate blood glucose levels. If you have type 2 diabetes, you can still have a healthy pregnancy — but there are some things to consider to reduce possible risks and ensure that you and your baby are healthy. Be honest and discuss:.

Pregnancy with Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes

When you have type 2 diabetes, steps you take before becoming pregnant are as important as your prenatal care. Learn how to get in the best possible shape before you conceive. It used to be that women with type 2 diabetes were discouraged from becoming pregnant. These days, with careful pregnancy planning and monitoring of blood glucose levels, you can have a safe pregnancy and a healthy baby. If you have type 2 diabetes and you want to become pregnant, the first step would ideally be to speak with both your endocrinologist and your obstetrician. They can help you be at your healthiest to conceive. Both before you become pregnant and during your pregnancy and beyond , it will be important for you to keep your blood sugar levels under control and to follow all the other guidelines to minimize all health risks to you and your baby. Fortunately, different diabetes practitioners can work with you on all the aspects of pregnancy, including exercise and nutrition.

Sep 30, - If you have type 2 diabetes, you can have a healthy pregnancy by It used to be that women with type 2 diabetes were discouraged from.

If you have diabetes and plan to have a baby, you should try to get your blood glucose levels close to your target range before you get pregnant. High blood glucose, also called blood sugar, can harm your baby during the first weeks of pregnancy, even before you know you are pregnant. If you have diabetes and are already pregnant, see your doctor as soon as possible to make a plan to manage your diabetes. Working with your health care team and following your diabetes management plan can help you have a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby.

Diabetes During Pregnancy

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are planning a family, you should plan your pregnancy as much as possible. Controlling your blood sugars before conception and throughout pregnancy gives you the best chance of having a trouble-free pregnancy and birth and a healthy baby. Women with diabetes will need to closely monitor their blood sugar levels during their pregnancy.

Diabetes and getting pregnant

Diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to keep blood sugar levels in the normal range. There are three types: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes. Insulin is the hormone that controls blood sugar levels, keeping them in the healthy range.

In fact, with the right medical help and diligent self-care, you have about the same excellent chances of having a successful pregnancy and a healthy baby as any other expectant mom.

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